"Ardevisur Anahita," the female guardian angel of waters
Kangavar is a small town of great antiquity lying halfway between Hamedan and Kermanshah. In about 200 B.C., during the Seleucid Greek occupation of Kangavar, a major sanctuary was erected to the mother goddess Anahita – who was worshipped in ancient Persia along with Ahoora Mazda and Mithras. This vast temple was built of enormous blocks of dressed stone with an imposing entrance of opposed staircases which may have been inspired by the Apadana at Persepolis
Anahita Temple in Kangavar City (Kermanshah Province) is one of the greatest stone buildings, from architectural perspective.
Anahita is the name of the goddess of the planet Venus, who seems to have been worshipped by the Medes and Persians before they adopted Zoroastrianism.
One of the early references to such temple is by Isidore of Charax who reports that in Parthian territory, Ecbatana, the greatest metropolis of Media, retained a temple of Anahita where sacrifices were regularly offered. At Concobar (Kangavar) in lower Media, a temple of "Artemis" built about 200 B.C., was standing when Isidore of Charax wrote, and some vestiges of this Greek-style edifice survive today.
Among very few carvings of Anahita, one can refer to a rock carving at Naqsh-e Rostam where the king Naresh (A.D. 290-303) is shown receiving investiture from the hands of Anahita, who wears a serrated crown and a sleeveless cloak.