Kariz underground city in Iran’s Kish Island
The aqueducts of Kish Island in the Persian Gulf date back to 2,500 years ago. It once provided the islanders’ drinking water. Today, it is transformed into an amazing underground city, with an area of 10,000 square meters. The complex is now called Kariz-e Kish. Now, Kariz has opened up a new exceptional chapter for all nature lovers who are able to visit the largest coral collection directly. Various other facilities, such as residential, shopping, and leisure centres in an area of 60,000 square meters will be built on Kariz grounds.
The kariz of Kish was abandoned a long time ago, and was forgotten by the inhabitants of the island. In addition, modern technology has made the water filtration process much more efficient, which means that the ancient system would have been obsolete anyway. In 1999, the island embarked on a project to build an underground shopping complex. This resulted in the rediscovery of the ancient kariz. Instead of demolishing the kariz to make room for the shopping complex, the developers decided to incorporate the latter into the former. While the historic coral walls that surround the kariz were left on their own, the tunnels were reinforced with modern mortar and stone. This combination of ancient and modern served to create a unique subterranean world. This ancient structure is further modernised by the presence of shops and restaurants, traditional teahouses, amphitheatres, conference centres, and even art galleries. Nevertheless, the developers have not forgotten the kariz’s ancient function, and it is once more fulfilling its role as a water filter, although the filtered water is used mainly for irrigation purposes