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Uncategorised - 4.6 out of 5 based on 10 votes

Persian Gardens

 

 

Site Location

Fin Garden

Kashan
Dowlatabad Garden Yazd

Eram Garden

Shiraz

Chehel sotun

Isfahan

Akbariyeh Garden

Birjand

 

 

Fin Garden

This beautiful garden was built in the Safavid era in the 16th century under the reign of Shah Abbas I of Persia and it's located in Kashan city.                                          This garden is like a piece of heaven; it is full of cypress trees that are up to 500 years old, pools flow along the main road in canals and sunlight shines through the colorful stained glass windows. Fin Garden has earned a place on the UNESCO National Heritage List and it is one of the prominent attractions of Iran. Don't forget to visit this fantastic piece of art during your stay in Iran.  

 

 

 

Dowlatabad Garden

Dowlatabad Garden is one of the most beloved and iconic sites in Yazd city and is inscribed on the World Heritage List due to verdant gardening skills in landscape architecture and richness of the architectural design. Dowlatabad Garden with an area of about 7 hectares, has the tallest windcatcher in Yazd city. (the windcatcher is about 33 meters and it was built as an air conditioner). The interior design of the mansion has its unique architecture and is decorated with wooden-carved doors and windows, spectacular mirrors and beautiful ceilings. tall, stately and beautiful trees, standing along both sides of the main passway is another significant attraction of the garden. This garden has a wide variety of plants, which gives more beauty to the garden. Dowlatabad Garden is regarded as one of the worth-visiting sites in Iran which attracts many travelers annually.

 

 

 

Eram Garden

There are many hidden treasures in Shiraz which will leave you in awe and Eram Garden is one of them. This beautiful garden was built in the 13th century and was renovated in the Qajar dynasty. This botanical garden has many different plant species which were gathered from all around the world, with a description in front of them. The garden is not only famous for its plants but also the mansion inside, with beautiful seven-colored tiles and a big pool with crystal clear water, flowing in the middle of the garden, and no wonder that Eram Garden has been registered on National Heritage List. It is definitely a must for any visitor who will be captivated by jaw-dropping Persian architecture, lavish design, and its flourish garden.

 

 

Chehel sotun

Chehel sotun is another classic garden that forms one of 9 Persian Gardens, recognized as the UNESCO World Heritage site. This garden was built in the Safavid era, under the reign of Shah Abbas II and was used for his entertainment and receptions. Kakh-e chehelsotun means the palace of 40 pillars, but there are only 20 real pillars and when reflected in the pool they become 40. The majestic palace in the garden is surrounded by tall trees and like other historical sites, this palace is adorned with mirror works and miniature paintings, depicting wars between the Persian and Ottoman Empires. (the battle of Chaldiran) what most travelers like about this building is that everything is kept like it was built and due to its proximity to Naghsh-e Jahan Square, it is one of the first attractions visited by many tourists visiting Isfahan.

 

 

 

Akbariyeh Garden

 Akbariyeh is an old garden located in Birjand city and has several beautiful mansions inside it, but the main and the oldest one is "Heshmat ol-Molk" mansion, which belonged to one of the high-ranking figures of that time and was built in the late Zandiye and early Qajar dynasty. This stunning mansion is in 2 floors, containing a mirror hall, the dome and a long path which invite you to view the garden slowly and mindfully, in all of its detail - stones, water, buildings, and plants. The edifice is ornately decorated with magnificent plasterwork, sash windows and mirror works. The garden is beautifully designed with oak and pine trees, which are located on both sides of the main street, with a traditional Persian pool which is called "Hoz". Akbariye Garden has been put on the National Heritage list and is admired and visited by many tourists annually.

 

 

 

Persian Gardens - 5.0 out of 5 based on 3 votes

24 UNESCO World Heritage sites in Iran update 2019

Site inscription Location date of construction Related era
Tchogha Zanbil 1979 Khuzestan Province 1250 BC Elamite
Persepolis 1979 Fars Province 5 centuries BC  Achaemenid Empire
naqsh-e jahan 1979 Isfahan, Isfahan
Province
17th century Safavid dynasty
Takht-e Soleyman 2003 West Azerbaijan
Province
4th century Sassanid dynasty
Bam and its Cultural Landscape 2004 Kerman Province 6 to 4 centuries BC  Achaemenid Empire
Pasargadae 2004 Fars Province 5 centuries BC  Achaemenid Empire
soltaniyeh 2005 Zanjan Province 14th century
Bisotun 2006 Kermanshah
Province
6 to 5 centuries BC  Achaemenid Empire
Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran  2008 West Azerbaijan
Province
4th century Sassanid dynasty
Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System 2009 Khuzestan Province 3rd century Sassanid dynasty
Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil 2010 Ardabil Province 16th century Safavid dynasty
Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex 2010 East Azerbaijan
Province
12th century Safavid dynasty
The Persian Garden 2011 Many provinces 6 century BC _
Gonbad-e Qābus 2012 Golestan Province 13th century Ziyarid dynasty
Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan 2012 Isfahan, Isfahan
Province
8th century Umayyad dynasty
Golestan Palace 2013 Tehran 16th century Safavid dynasty
Shahr-e Sukhteh 2014 Sistan and Baluchestan
Province
3200 BC Elamite
Cultural Landscape of Maymand 2015 Kerman Province 2nd or 3rd century Arsacid era
Susa 2015 Khuzestan Province since 6th century BC Elamite, Seleucid
, Parthian, and Sasanian
Lut Desert 2016 Kerman and Sistan
and Baluchestan Provinces
_ _
The Persian Qanat 2016 Many provinces since 3000 years ago _
Historic City of Yazd 2017 Yazd, Yazd Province 4th century Sassanid dynasty
The Ensemble of Historical  SassanianCities in Fars Province(Bishabpur, Firouzabad, Sarvestan) 2018 Fars Province 5 centuries BC Sassanid dynasty
Hyrkanian forests 2019

 

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Tchogha Zanbil

Chogha Zanbil, an ancient Elamite complex in the Khuzestan province of Iran is one of the few existent ziggurats outside of Mesopotamia and the difference is that the monument in Chogha Zanbil was not constructed by placing one story on top of another. it is located in 45 K.M from east south of “Shoosh”, “haft tape” (seven hills)”.

The historical site was built due to the order of King Untash-Napirisha. Unfortunately, the complex was destroyed during wars and was long buried under the ground. This is the reason for its hill-like shape. it was excavated by a French archaeologist in 1951. The ziggurat of Chogha Zanbil was mainly made of mud-brick; however, blue and green glazed bricks, plaster mortar, glass, and pottery were lavishly used for its decoration. The structure contained a 4-sided square of 105 meters. Such a huge structure!

At first, it was 52 meters high and consisted of 5floors. Now, it is 25 meters high and 2 and a half floors of it have remained. It has got 3 defensive concrete walls around to protect it and the main ziggurat is placed exactly in the center. Also, the water purification system of Choqa Zanbil has been one of the most ancient water supply systems. They collected rainwater in underground pipes and directed to the outside of concrete walls.

 

 

 

Persepolis

the ancient capital of the kings of the Achaemenian dynasty of Persia, located about 70 kilometers (43.5 miles) outside of the modern city of Shiraz of southwestern Iran. The construction began at the site 5 centuries BC under the rule of King Darius the Great and finished by his son Cambyses II and grandson Darius over the course of 150 years. Persepolis consists of several monumental buildings on a vast tow sided stone terrace. The terrace is about 1,475 ft long by 985 ft wide. The staircases are such wide that horses could climb it. It was influenced by architecture from around the world. Tiles were brought from Babylon, precious stones were from India, and also Cedrous wood was brought from Lebanon. You see huge Apadana in front of a vast space or Audience Hall of Darius; in the eastern side of Apadana, there is a throne hall, which has one hundred columns—which was begun by Xerxes and completed by Artaxerxes. Other buildings, including the palaces of Darius and Xerxes and the royal treasury, are located in the southern part. The eastern part of Apadana has been the most wonderful part of Persepolis on which you can see the pictures of representatives from all 28 subordinate nations that were giving gifts from their local region to the kings. To sum up, Persepolis has always been one of the greatest attractions and glories of Iran.

 

 

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Naghsh-e Jahan

Naghsh-e Jahan Square which means (Design of the world) known as Imam Square, is situated in the heart of Isfahan city. There are also several important sites around the square. Imam Mosque is located right on the south side and on the west side you see Ali Qapu Palace. It is mostly known for its fascinating music hall which can reflect sounds. Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque, a true glory of Islamic architecture is situated on the eastern side of this square. This mosque was built for Shah Abbas, it is considered as a private mosque. It doesn’t have any courtyards. It was damaged in the Qajar era but renovated in the time of pahlavi This mosque is majestic in its own scale and size in the world. The northern part is Qeysarie, where you can enter the Grand Bazar of Isfahan. It had 3 floors in the past but now it only has 2 floors. The third floor was used for playing musical instruments and announcing the time in the day. There are two rows of shops around the square in which you can find Iranian carpets and handicrafts in high quality. There is a blue pool in the middle of the square with beautiful waterspouts that has made an eye-catching view.  Naqsh-e Jahan Square is an impressive testimony to the level of social and cultural life in Persia.

 

 

 

Takht-e Soleyman

Takht-e Soleyman is an area that is about 124000 sq. This archaeological site is in Takab, West Azerbaijan, located 45 km northeast from the city. The name means Solomon’s Throne in Persian. It is also known as ‘Azar Goshnasp’ Fire Temple. It was inscribed as a UNESCO world heritage site in July 2003.

It is the holiest shrine of Zoroastrianism and the former Sassanid Empire. The site itself is the center of several groups of ruins of almost simultaneous occupation, each of which was in some way devoted to Zoroastrian worship. The site is located in a valley about 2000m above sea level. There is an ancient volcano which is called Zendan-e-Soleyman and means ‘The Prison of Solomon’. It is 3 KM far from Takht-e Soleyman. Folk legends say that King Solomon used to imprison monsters inside the 100m deep crater. It has got an amazing landscape.

 

 

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Bam and its Cultural Landscape

The city of bam is located in a desert environment in Kerman province. It is considered as a cultural landscape and is inscribed as a world heritage in 2004. It is the biggest castle made of muds in the world. The origins of Bam can be traced back to the Achaemenid period (6th to 4th centuries BC). It is 189 KM far from Kerman. It was at the crossroads of ‘Silk Road’, an important trade route known for the production of silk and cotton garments between the 7th and 11th centuries. It is the largest mud-brick complex of the world, at the heart of which the main Arg (castle) is located as the highest sector.

The last time when Bam was suitable for accommodation goes back to 150 years ago. In that time people left Bam for the garden houses that were out of the city. The whole complex was damaged seriously in the earthquake in 2003 but many countries such as Japan and Italy cooperated in the renovation process.

 

 

 

Pasargadae

Pasargadae has been one of the first cities of Achaemenid kingdom, it was the first capital of Achaemenids in the time of great Cyrus, and nowadays it’s the resting place Cyrus the Great (559-530 BCE). Pasargadae remained the Persian capital until Darius founded another in Persepolis. It was inscribed as a world heritage in 2004. the site stands 1,900 meters above sea level. It is 40 KM far from Persepolis.

There are some people saying that Pasargadae resembles a park of 2x3 km in which several monumental buildings were to be seen. It is said to be the first Persian garden with its specified items like having a central pool, it is the middle of two lines in which water is flowing. One of the famous buildings which is said to be in Pasargadae is ‘Bar Aam’ palace. It had big terraces with the view of the garden.

Nowadays nothing much is left from the garden. There some signs like the water routes which could help archeologists resemble the ancient garden and its plan.

 

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Soltaniyeh

The Dome of Soltaniyeh is mostly known for being the biggest brick dome in the world, but it actually is the Mausoleum of Ilkhan Oljaytu. It is located in Soltaniyeh city, 30 KM far from Zanjan city and on the road of Zanjan-Qazvin. It’s an octagonal building and each side is about 80 meters. It’s the 3rd biggest dome in the world. It was inscribed as a UNESCO world heritage in 2005.  Soltaniyeh city used to be the capital in the IL khanate dynasty.

The construction began between the years 1302 to 1312 AD, and it is the first dome in Iran which has two shells. Regarding the size of this dome, it’s the biggest sized dome after Florence Cathedral and Hagia Sophia. Unfortunately, lots of exterior decorations are damaged but it is famous for the decorations of inside especially under the main dome with absolute beautiful mosaics.

The exterior view of the dome has been viewed with old scaffoldings for a long time. It is said that they will be replaced by some new modern equipment.

Oljaytu was eager to build a mausoleum for the first Imam of Shiite because of his personal love and respect to him, but in Islam, nobody is permitted to do exhumation. So finally, it was him buried in the Soltaniyeh. Of course, this is just a theory and some researchers disagree with it.

The structure is about 50 meters high and as it seems, it is super heavy! Something about 200 tons! Different parts are joined with wooden beams to reduce the dead load. But the amazing point is that the foundation is only 90 centimeters high! Although the structure has been damaged during years and needs some equipment like scaffolding, it still stands and has resisted against 300 earthquakes since constructions.

 

 

 

Bisotun

is an archaeological site located in Kermanshah province. In the past, it had a unique location in the route which linked Mesopotamian and Iranian merchants. The site has got monuments from Achaemenid, Sassanian, and Ilkhanid periods. The most famous one is the inscription of Achaemenids. 3 languages are used in this inscription: Elamite, Babylonian and Old Persian.

The inscription contains stories of ancient Persia. But there is also a dramatic story behind Bisotun. A man named Farhad fell in love with the ladylove of the king, Shirin. Shirin had told him that she would marry him if he cut away the mountain to find water. He finally kills himself after cutting half of the mountain when he hears about the death of Shirin which was just a rumor made by king Khosrow. It is said that Bisotun is the mountain Farhad tried to cut away.

But, regarding the ancient story of Achaemenids, it is said that after the death of great Cyrus, there was chaos, different people introduced themselves as Cambyses, to reach the throne. When the great Darius realized their plots, he ordered to arrest them all and decided to inscribe the true story on Bisotun. In the bas relief, there is the story of liars and their arrestment and also their punishments. The story was scripted within 2 years.

 

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Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran 

The other Iranian world heritage is located in northwest Iran, Azerbaijan. It contains 3 Armenian monastic churches named: Qara Kelisa, St. Stepanos Church and Chapel of Dzordzor. These churches are built between the 4th and 14th centuries. These monuments are very impressive and worth seeing at least once. They have visitors from all around the world every year. so, let's take a brief look at them:

  1. Qara kelisa

It is located in chaldoran town, western Azerbaijan. In Azerbaijani language, Qara means black. And the building includes 2 parts. The white part is new and renovated in the time of Holaku by Khajeh Nasir Al-Din Al-Tusi, and the black part (made with black stones) is the older part.

 

  1. Stepanos Church

The second church is named after Stephan, the first Christian martyr who was killed by Jews. It is located in Jolfa, eastern Azerbaijan province and is very close to Azerbaijan republication. The date of construction goes back to the 9th century. It was damaged a lot by an earthquake but later was restored in the Safavid era.

 

  1. Chapel of Dzordzor

The last and smallest church, designed and built by “Zakaria”, located in Maku, western Azerbaijan. it is said that the church is constructed between the years 1315 and 1324. The material used in this church is stone (in various sizes), like most of the other ones. 30 years ago, the church was transferred to a higher place in order to be protected from heavy rainfall

 

 

 

Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System

The Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System is located in Khuzestan province and Zagreus mountains. The first date of construction goes back to Achaemenids in the 5th century BC. The construction process began by king Darius but later it was continued by Sassanid kings and got restored in that time.    

The system has different parts and different functions. The incredible fact is that some parts still work!

It actually worked on a large scale and has been a good sample of technology and civil engineering of Iranian in ancient times. It had to support the water supply and mills and irrigation. The different parts are: water mills, dams, tunnels, and canals.

The most important thing the system was designed for, was blocking Gargar to provide water for the people of Shushtar. This system was inscribed as a UNESCO world heritage

 

 

 

Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil

Sheikh Safi al-Din is buried in the Khanegah in Ardabil. He was a respected man in Sufi tradition and the founder of Sufism. This place was inscribed in 2010.

The process of erection began in the early 16th century and continued to the 18th century. This place has had different functions such as a library, school, mosque, mausoleum, hospital and …. it had some changes and got bigger in the Safavid era. It can be one of the most beautiful monuments that remained from the Safavid era.

There is a way to the shrine and it has 7 parts. It is related to 7 stages of Sufism. There are also different parts in the complex including the house of martyrs or house of dervishes. They had a special place for anything. One of the interesting parts is chini khane! It means the house of chinaware, where a lot of antique things were kept.

 

 

 

Tabriz Historic Bazaar complex

Tabriz was located near the silk road where Iran and so many countries like china could join and commerce. Maybe that is the reason why the biggest roofed bazaar is located in Tabriz. This bazaar has an important religious and economic role in Tabriz and is a great representative of Iranian Islamic architecture. It was built in the 12th century but definitely, the most brilliant time of it was in the Safavid era. There are so many parts and functions such as having 20 sub bazaars, 30 mosques, and 12 schools. There are 5500 stores in this bazar. 40 different products are being sold in Tabriz bazar but undoubtedly the most famous one in the carpet. You can find unique carpets in Tabriz bazar.

With no doubt, Mozzafarieh is the most absorbing sub bazar or Timche among sub bazaars of Tabriz. In addition to the beauty of ceilings and walls, you won’t get tired of watching people sitting around! You also can find extra-ordinary carpets there!

There are lots of world travelers talking about Tabriz bazar. The most popular is Marco polo. You can’t touch and feel the beauty and glory of Tabriz bazar unless you walk through it and feel like walking in the past centuries.

 

 

 

 

The Persian Gardens

The Persian gardens are 9 gardens inscribed as UNESCO world heritage in 2011. These gardens follow some special rules in designing. It has been started since 6 centuries BC. The first Persian garden was the Pasargadae garden. These days not much of it is left. The basis of these gardens is water, there are also some other elements but the main one is water. The garden is usually divided into 4 parts. This style of designing gardens and architecture has affected designing gardens in other countries such as India. The Persian gardens are: Pasargad Persian Garden at Pasargadae remained from great Cyrus, Chehel Sotun in Isfahan(the monument has 20 columns plus the picture of it in the water where 20 columns appear there, that’s why the name of building means 40 columns), Fin Garden in Kashan(king Abbas founded it in Safavid era near Fin village), Eram Garden in Shiraz, Shazdeh Garden in Mahan(a green garden-like paradise in the middle of desert!), Dolatabad Garden in Yazd(it has got a unique wind tower), Abbasabad Garden in Mazandaran(it is named after king Abbas of Safavid dynasty), Akbarieh Garden in south Khorasan Province(built during Qajar dynasty) and Pahlevanpour Garden.

 

 

 

Gonbad-e Qābus

The tallest brick tower in the world, Gonbade Qabus tower is located in Gonbade Qabus city in Golestan province. The first and earliest tower made of fired brick was inscribed as UNESCO world heritage in 2012. This place is the tomb of Qabus Ibn Voshmgir, the king of Ziyarids. It is actually built in the 13th century and shows us the progress in the technology of the people of that time.

The tower is 53 meters high and all made of brick. The plan is like a stellar and the most top part (ceiling) is conical.

The tower is the only thing that remained from the previous, historic city, Jorjan. The city was totally destroyed when Mongols attacked Iran and just the tower remained, though it got damaged, it was restored later.

Some researchers say that the idea that says the tower is the grave of the king is not true, because they couldn’t find any corpse inside the tower!

 

 

 

Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan

Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan or Jame mosque of Isfahan, better known as the museum of history and architecture of Iran was inscribed in 2012. The construction process began in the 8th century and continued until the 20th century. It is located in the heart of Isfahan in the old quarter near Isfahan bazaar. People also call it “Friday mosque”. Every detail and decorations are added during different times in 12 centuries and different eras including Abbasid, Buyid, Seljuq, Ilkhanid, Muzzafarid, Timurid and Safavid.

One of the most important figures of this mosque is its four iwans(iwan is a kind of big terrace in a mosque) that are around a central yard. The decorations are also very interesting, for example, there is a hall with a hundred vaults, each one is different from the other and you can’t find two of one style.

Finally, you have to visit the Jame mosque of Isfahan to feel it and see a different kind of Iranian architecture that has grown and got completed as time passed. No words can describe it.

 

 

 

Golestan Palace

Golestan Palace is a monument that remained from Safavid and Qajar dynasty. Karim khan Zand restored it later after its construction in the Safavid era. It is located exactly in the heart of Tehran, near the grand bazaar of Tehran and was inscribed as a world heritage in 2013. It became the loyal place of Qajar kings when Agha Mohamad Khan chose Tehran as the capital city. Later Pahlavi dynasty constructed a new palace for themselves in Niavaran, but still, the important political ceremonies were held in Golestan palace.

There are 17 different parts in this palace, such as small palaces and museums, mostly been constructed during 200 years. Golestan means a garden full of flowers and it is matched with the landscape. One of the most beautiful parts is the marble throne which is located exactly in front of the entrance, you have to cross a pool to reach it. Golestan Palace is also famous for its beautiful and colorful mosaics tiles, a composition of blue, yellow and pink. Also, the tomb of Karim khan is located near the marble throne.

The Palace of Shams or Shams-ol-emare which is the symbol of a modern and high building in Tehran is inside this complex. Another interesting point is that the hall of mirrors is the place where Reza Shah and his son have coronated.

 

 

 

Shahr-e Sukhteh

The ancient signs of existence of humans are founded in the burnt city or Shahr-e Sukhteh in Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran.  it dates back to the time of Elimate, something about 3000 BC. It was inscribed in 2014.

Several valuable things are founded there which are kept in museums right now. The most famous is the pottery vessel with a drawing of a goat on it. It is like an animation! You may ask how? There are several pictures of a goat on the pottery vessel in different positions. If you turn it around itself you feel the goat is running. Amazing, isn’t it? Archaeologists didn’t know about it till Dr.Mansur Sadjadi discovered it recently.

One of the other things is an artificial eye! Archaeologists found a skeleton of a woman with an artificial eye which belonged to 4000 years ago, Unbelievable!

There are a lot of things to wonder! However, nobody still doesn’t know about the reason why the city fell down.

 

 

 

Cultural Landscape of Maymand

Maymand is a historical site, inscribed in 2015, is one of the first habitats of human in Iran. It is in Kerman province and near Shahr-r-Babak. it dates back to 2 or 3 centuries B.C. Maymand is a stone village, it’s artificial and hand-caves. People live in rocky holes inside the mountain. The interesting point is that it still has inhabitants and people have saved the natural form of the village since the past times.

Despite the hardness and limits of the space, there are several different places such as a mosque, school, and the houses.

The rooms somehow look like each other but the little difference is in the number of rooms. The houses are very cute, they are usually called “Kicheh”. They have something like a warehouse in their houses, they call it “Pastoo”. It means the place in the back and usually covered.

 

 

 

Susa

In 2015, the ancient city of Susa was inscribed as a UNESCO world heritage, it happened after 2014, when some experts came to visit Susa, to see if they are going to add it to the UNESCO world heritage list.

the city is about 7000 years old, the original time goes back to 4200 B.C. It is one of the most ancient cities in the world. you may have different feelings when you get to the city. The feeling is a combination of mystery and history!

It is said that Susa was one of the administrative cities of the Achaemenid dynasty and also the capital city of Babylonian. Its location is also very good. Susa is located in the southwest of Iran in Khuzestan province, in the Zagros mountains. It is also close to the Tigris river. It was a religious center and also a commerce center due to its good position in ancient Persia including Parthian, Achaemenid and … and even in Mesopotamia. The incredible fact is that Susa has been one of the cities that has inhabitants since ancient times continuously. This city is worth seeing and no one can understand its beauty before visiting that. There are also some other world heritages near this ancient city like the hydraulic system and Chogha Zanbil.

 

 

 

Lut Desert

The Lut desert in Iran, located in two provinces of Kerman and Sistan & Baloochestan was inscribed as a world heritage by UNESCO in 2016. The name “Lut” comes from the name of prophet Lut. His name is also in the bible.

Lut desert is known as the hottest surface on the world. The temperature in some places goes up to 70 degrees. You can even cook an egg on the stone in a natural condition. It is in rain shadow and has high temperature and in some parts of this region, there’s no chance to live, even for bacteria. Dark-colored lands and pebbles can be the main reason for its high temperature.

But despite all this hard condition, it has a unique ecosystem. Some researchers think that they should not put time on studying ecosystems of deserts, but still, special insects and foxes are living in the desert.

Lut desert is divided into 3 different parts; south Lut, central Lut, and north Lut. The best and the most beautiful yardangs are located in central Lut. (yardangs are streamlined hills, carved from bedrocks and they are formed by wind erosion)

One of the special trees which grows and lives in deserts of Iran is Gaz, the original name is Tamarix and it has a good resistance against lack of water. It is a maximum 15 meters high and has a special sap, women of the near towns use the sap as natural sugar. Gaz can protect the people and villages against storms.

 

 

 

The Persian Qanats

Persian qanat is a collection of tunnels, working on an engineering basis and remained from ancient Persia. The qanats are remained from 3000 years ago. It is inscribed in UNESCO in 2016 and located in many provinces as there are 11 qanats in this collection.

Qanats are usually used in arid areas. In these areas, water is an important element and people of ancient times had designed and used some genius technology to save and use water correctly. The system works this way: there is a horizontal tunnel line under the ground, it carries and brings water from mountains or inner layers of the ground to the top surface. The slope and length of these tunnels are so important and just qanat experts know that after years of working on them. There may also be some sub tunnels. Some of these qanats still work and some are dry right now. They could provide water for the villages in the deserts. There are eleven qanats in UNESCO inscription:

In Khorasan province:

  • Qasabeh Qanat in Gonabad city, Khorasan Razavi province
  • Baladeh Qanat in Ferdows city, South Khorasan province

In Kerman province:

  • Goharriz Qanat in Jupar city, Kerman province
  • Akbar Abad Qanat in Baravat, Bam county, Kerman province
  • Qasem Abad Qanat in Baravat, Bam county, Kerman province

In Isfahan province:

  • Vazvan Qanat in Vazvan city, Isfahan province
  • Moon Qanat in Ardestan city, Isfahan province

In Yazd province:

  • Hasan Abad Qanat in Mehriz city, Yazd province
  • Zarch Qanat in Yazd city, Yazd province

In Markazi province:

  • Ebrahim Abad Qanat in Arak city, Markazi province

 

 

 

 

Historic City of Yazd

There is a lot to say about the historic city of Yazd, but as a short review, Yazd is located in Yazd province in the heart of Iran in an arid climate. It was the capital city during Atabakan and Mozaffarid dynasties in 14th Century AD. But this is not the reason for its fame. Yazd had a great location near the silk road. So, it just improved, especially in architecture and urban designing.

The historic city of Yazd is known as the biggest city in the world made of mud and the second ancient city of the world. All you see in Yazd is made of sun-dried bricks.

There a lot of tourist attractions in Yazd such as historic houses, mosques, schools, temples, baths, museums, etc. each one gives you a different feeling. Alleys are shaped naturally and feel like walking in the past.

In Yazd, you should test some foods. A soup-like and light meal usually for breakfast made with lentils and called Adasi, really is worth testing once. Iranian kebab is really popular, and lamb liver kebab is no more exception. You can find it in Yazd. The most famous and I guess the delicious one is Yazdi Faloudeh. I strongly recommend it to everyone who likes sweet foods.

 

 

 

 

The Ensemble of Historical Sassanian Cities in Fars Province (Bishabpur, Firozabad, Sarvestan)

The Sassanid archeological landscape is a UNESCO world heritage, located in Fars province and inscribed very recently, in 2018. It contains 3 main castles and other monuments around them: Bishapur palace, Sarvestan palace, and Firozabad palace. The first time of construction is estimated to be around the 5th century.

1-Firozabad palace

Firozabad city was damaged a lot after Arab invasions. Ardeshir, the founder of the Sassanid dynasty decided to build the palace. There is also a 10-meter defensive wall made if mud around the city. It's 111 kilometers far from shiraz and very close to some other ancient sites such as the bas relief in which you can see the story of Ardeshir Babakan's story of victory.

 

2-Bishapur palace

Bishapur city, 23 kilometers far from Shiraz, is one of the most brilliant monuments that remained from the Sassanid era. It is said that the city had some 50-80 thousand habitants. This city was built by Shapur as it is clear by the name of the city. In that time, there were a big number of Roman prisoners due to the victory of Sassanids in war. It is said that the prisoners, Iranian and Roman have built the palace together, that's why the architectural style of the Bishapur palace is similar to Roman style. The city had 2 main streets which divided it into 4 parts. There are several parts in the city like Anahita temple and the palace, and of course, the incredible part is the Evan-e-mosaic. The mosaics of this hall are extraordinary in design and color.

 

3-Sarvestan palace

Sarvestan palace is 85 kilometers far from shiraz. Bahram Gur ordered to build it in the late Sassanid era. It is designed and built for the kings to stay and rest while hunting. The palace has 3 terraces, the main material used in this building is stone and the dome is made of brick. The dome is the oldest brick dome in Iran. Researchers believe that the dome of Sarvestan palace was built by new and modern techniques.

 

 

 

 

Hyrkanian forests

The history of these ancient forests dates back to 25 to 50 million years ago.

These Hyrkanian forests cover 530 miles near the southern coast of the Caspian Sea, extending from south-eastern Azerbaijan, eastward to Golestan province in the north of Iran.

According to UNESCO reports, their floristic biodiversity is remarkable. Hyrkanian forests are home to 150 native trees and bushes, 180 species of birds and 58 species of mammals, including, brown bears, lynx, iconic Persian leopard(which is in danger of distinction) , etc.

Recently Iran’s Hyrkanian forests have been registered on National Heritage List, due to their old age and unique richness of biological diversity which will open a new horizon that will result in high-level protection for forests and a new perspective for the tourism industry.

 

 

 

Iran UNESCO World Heritage Tour(click here)

 

 

 

 

 

 

24 UNESCO World Heritage sites in Iran update 2019 - 5.0 out of 5 based on 7 votes

About Arian tour

Arian Tour is an inbound tour operator in Tehran/Iran, since 2003. We organize tens of group tours and FITs every year and have gained high rates in all of the evaluations carried out among our clients. Please check our testimonial page https://www.arian-tour.com/reviews.html and our trip advisor page https://www.tripadvisor.co.uk/Attraction_Review-g293999-d12903019-Reviews-Arian_Tour-Tehran_Tehran_Province.html

Our team consists of professional tour guides who all have related studies, years of experience and unlimited passion for their jobs; highly motivated, prompt and responsive logistic and project managers; and on top of all a creative management team who knows Iran like the back of their hands and use their years of valuable experience of traveling around Iran and the world to design unique tours based on the interest of tourists. That is why we consider ourselves as your travel buddy and not only your travel agent.

Besides our full-time colleagues, we have been working with different service providers for over 15 years. This positive cooperation with hotels, airlines, transportation companies, restaurants and handicrafts workshops allows us to provide our clients with top-notch services and the most reasonable rates.

The combination of above-mentioned points, has made Arian Tour a pioneer tour operator in Iran whose policy is to ensure joy and safety of our clients during their stay in Iran.

Our services cover all the needs of tourists from the moment they arrive in Iran until the time they catch their flights back home and include:

  • Visa arrangements
  • Escorted tours
  • Accommodation
  • Transportation and transfers
  • Domestic bus, train and flight tickets
  • Professional tour guides
  • Travel insurance
  • Business meetings arrangements
  • Special events

 

Iran Cultural and Sightseeing Tours

Having a civilization of over 2500 years behind, has bestowed Iran with undeniable treasure of culture and history which attracts thousands of its admirers every year. From the ruins of Persepolis to jaw dropping castles and palaces, and ancient and even modern museums and collections, Iran has something to offer for each and every taste.

Our itineraries are all designed meticulously and based on real experience of our tour managers. Through years of practicing these programs, we are now sure that they all meet our clients’ likes and interest. By adding unique features of Iranian culture, social life and original Persian arts, it does not matter which package you choose, you will see more than you expect. Some of these attractions are listed below:

  • Persian foods are a part of this rich culture and is an important part of our tours. During your stay in Iran, we will help you taste a wide variety of mouth-watering dishes including tens of types of Kebabs and numerous local and ethnic meals. Upon time and interest, we arrange culinary classes in which you will learn how to cook Iranian foods.

 

  • Iran has some world-class handicrafts, each unique to a region. According to the route you take, you can visit carpet, pottery, leather, silver and copper ware, Khatam, marquetry, and fabric workshops and try making objects for yourself.

 

 

  • A large number of Iran population still live in rural areas or as nomads who migrate between two locations according to the season. We spice up your trip by having stops and paying visits to them. In these villages or nomad communities you will not only get to know the life style of people but can involve in actual daily chores such as baking bread, weaving local carpets, milking cows or simply have cup of tea and freshly baked bread with them in their black tents or village huts.

 

  • Iran has some of the most exotic Bazaars in the world, including Tehran Grand Bazaar, Vakil Bazaar in Shiraz, Qeysarieh Bazaar in Isfahan and Tabriz Grand Bazaar which is the largest roofed Bazaar in the world and listed as a UNESCO World Heritage. Weather you want to buy carpets, jewelries, leather, spices including Saffron or other souvenirs, or simply want to take some pictures from these live and vibrant markets, we make sure that you visit some of them during your trip in Iran.

 

Iran Sport and Eco Tours

Iran is the country of 4 seasons with diverse climate and geography. This diversity has bestowed us with the chance to provide the most variable active and sport tours.

Including skiing in some of the world class ski resorts, swimming or snorkeling in the Persian Gulf, off-road biking or trekking in enchanting deserts, magnificent forest and mountain roads, with breathtaking views and amazing landscape and to top it all off hiking the highest summit in middle east and Europe, (Damavand with 5671 meters altitude) which is located in north of Iran and attracts hundreds of tourists annually.

Besides all these, Iran wild life attracts hundreds of animal and nature lovers every year. Iran, with its numerous bird species, fish exclusively found in Persian Gulf, and its three native animals (Iranian Cheetah, Persian ground jay and Persian Zebra) as well as picturesque geographical features such as Damavand Summit and many other 4000 meter high summits, caves, mountain lakes,  rainbow mountains and vast deserts has a unique potential for bird-watching, star gazing and marveling in an untouched nature. We have professional tours for all these, which can be combined with our routine itineraries.

Having necessary camping equipment for 60 people, a professional team with extensive experience in executing and organizing eco tours, as well as dominance over the most exotic natural areas and fascinating routes has made Arian tour one of the best active tour operators in Iran.

 

MICE and Business Tours:

Arian Tour has extensive experience in organizing business tours and arranging events and seminars in Iran. The untouched and young market of Iran attracts hundreds of business people every year, who are looking for new partners is a fast-growing society.  We have been providing these enthusiastic groups, mostly from Germany, Austria, Russia, Portugal and many more, with all they needed during their stay in Iran for the past 5 years. Our services include:

  • Visa arrangements
  • VIP transfers
  • Domestic flight tickets
  • Accommodation in 5* hotels
  • Organization of events such as: conferences, B2B meetings, gala dinners, road shows, exhibitions and FAM tours
  • Tailor made tours

 

Tailor Made Tours:

There are several ready made packages on our website, you can choose as your travel itinerary. But if you can not find what you want there, if you have certain points of interest, too long or too short time span, or want to combine different tours with each other (business tour + cultural tour or eco tour + sightseeing tour) we will design a special itinerary for you.

Based on how much you are going to spend during your trip in Iran, your tour can be executed in a certain way to meet your budget. Also, all of our tour packages can be simply upgraded to luxury tours.

 

Arian Hostel:

Arian Hostel is one of the divisions of Arian Holding and is built in accordance with our development strategy.

Staying in traditional house accommodations has always been one of the attractions of travelling for many tourists. It not only enables them to experience the charms of living in an authentic ambiance, but also provides them with the chance of living with other people, enjoying local foods and sharing ideas.

Arian Hostel is located in a perfect location right in the very heart of Tehran. We are only a 15-minute walk from the most famous sights such as the Grand Bazaar, the Golestan Palace, National Museum, Jewelry Museum and many other sightseeing attractions of historical and unique life of Tehran.

Our boutique hostel offers a comfortable, clean and budget stay in a warm and friendly atmosphere. You can enjoy a cup of coffee or tea, read, rest or have a good chat with other international travelers visiting Tehran in our lounge area with TV and free Internet access, in the beautiful courtyard or on the roof terrace. There is a unique mix of young tourists backpacking through, families, couples, and professionals who call friendly Arian Hostel their home while visiting Tehran.

Our Panoramic Roof Terrace offers a peaceful and quiet zone for you to relax. In the summer time, you can enjoy a freshly made fruit juices or other refreshing beverage and, in the winter time, enjoy a hot drink. Make yourself comfortable next to our cozy fireplace with a book or a cup of hot chocolate. In some seasons we also serve a delicious Iranian breakfast buffet on the terrace.

Our rooms are mostly 3, 4 ,6 ,8 and 12 bed dormitory rooms with individual lockers, but we also have a number of budget hotel style en suite triple and family rooms that can accommodate 1, 2 or 3 people seeking more privacy.

Whether you’re after the feeling of a hotel, bed and breakfast (B&B), or youth hostel, Arian Hostel in Tehran has the ideal accommodation to fit your budget and preference. We also offer great last minute deals.

For the hostel dormitory rooms, there are common showers and bathrooms in the court yard. The hotel-style rooms offer showers and bathrooms en-suite. All rooms have air-conditioning and heating. Linens are included.

Our goal is to make your stay as comfortable as possible and our friendly staff will guide you to the cafes and restaurants or arrange daily guided tours for you in and around Tehran.

 

In Short…

Arian Tour’s experienced, enthusiastic and knowledgeable team, as well as the company’s strong connection with service providers in Iran including hotels, transfer companies, restaurants,… and also the foreign exchange rate, guarantee your clients with excellent services at really reasonable prices.

Whether you are an eco tourists interested in the spectacular natural aspects of Iran like its mesmerizing deserts, majestic mountains, with Damavand the tallest one, and wild life of Iran; or admire Iran for its rich culture and ancient civilization; or business people who want to visit Iran for business, we can provide you with all travel related services.  It is needless to say that our packages can be combined or customized to meet your needs and interests, or they can be exclusively designed for you.

Despite all negative advertisements, Iran is a safe country and with its rich historic and natural travel infrastructures as well as the undeniable cultural attractions, it is a unique and attractive destination which surprises you in many ways. It’s time to see Iran and who will be a better company that your travel buddy “Arian Tour”?

About Arian tour - 5.0 out of 5 based on 5 votes

souvenirs in Iran

Every corner of Iran has its unique handicraft which makes a nice souvenir.
But, a Persian carpet is definitely on top of the list when it comes to buying souvenirs from Iran.
Persian carpets are considered to be the oldest and the most beautiful of all oriental carpets.
They are famous for their high quality and detailed design which are the characteristics of all Iranian art.
Most tourists take Persian carpets as a valuable gift to their countries.
You can discover the beauty of this handicraft in Kashan, Qom, Tabriz, and Isfahan.

 

Iran has a long history of excellence in leather art, and its brands continue to thrive thanks to a focus on traditional craftsmanship.
With its high quality, Iran leather has been traditionally exported to other countries as well.
Many tourists keep leather products as a memento of their trip to Iran.
So, make sure you don’t leave Iran without Persian leather, which is mostly found in Tabriz, Hamedan, Isfahan, and Tehran.

 

Iran plays an important role in the world of art and crafts, due to the very old civilization, rich culture, and geographical location.
You will surely be surprised in every part of this vast country by coming across to different local hand made products, including Khatam, Giveh, Mina, Monabat, Qalamzani, Ceramic, pottery, Calligraphy, etc.
They can be beautiful and unique souvenirs for your friends and family.
No trip to Iran is completed without having a piece of these amazing handicrafts.

souvenirs in Iran - 5.0 out of 5 based on 4 votes

Iranian Tourist Visa - Apply online

Tourist online visa application

Any citizen of a foreign country who wishes to enter Iran needs to have a valid visa (save for certain exceptions). An Iranian tourist visa allows the visa holder to request the immigration officials’ permission to enter the country. We will gladly assist you with the application for such visa and note that the processing time for a visa would usually be no more than 3-5 working days except US, UK and Canada passport holders (depending also on whether you have provided all requested documents as per the below).

In order to apply for a visa, please:

  1. Complete the online visa application form
  2. Upload a recent color photo while completing the online form
  3. Upload a copy of your passport
  4. Complete visa processing payment (Payment link will be provided in your confirmation email).
  5. Only for US, UK and Canada passport holders, sending CV is required by MFA. You can send your CV to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., including your visa processing number.

Visa applicants can check their visa status 24/7 on www.apochi.com.

Any questions? Please contact us

Iranian Tourist Visa - Apply online - 5.0 out of 5 based on 2 votes

   

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